Cuba – Olympic Sport And Dictatorship

Like Park Chung-hee (Asia/South Korea: 1962-seventy nine) and Idi Amin Dada (Africa/Uganda: 1971-79), Fidel Castro is a sports fanatic and enjoys looking all styles of Olympic sports activities. Fidel Castro has visited the national group’s training camps, sports faculties, National Schools Games and hung out with the students-athletes and Olympic gamers. Since 1990, the Cuban dictatorship has spent extra than $80 million in keeping with yr into Olympic recreation. However, Cuba isn’t always an Olympic paradise. Cuba’s present day carrying records has been marked through sporting defections.

Every dictatorship has a style of its personal. Leonidas Rafael Trujillo had one: Dominican tune. Francois Duvalier had one: Haitian subculture. Kim Jong Il has one: the cinematography. He likes movies as “Gone with the Wind”, a well-known movie American. The dictator of North Korea wrote an essay “On the Art of Cinema”.

The Idi Amin Dada regimewas infamous for torturing political prisoners, forbidding dissent and loose speech. Under the dictatorship of Idi Amin Dada, approximately 350,000 humans have been killed. But he loves Olympic sports activities like Fidel Castro Ruz. During 1970s he had end up an outspoken champion of sport within the Third World. I remembered that the Ugandan group gained gold, 4 silver and three bronze medals at some point of the Commonwealth Games in New Zealand in 1974. Overall Ugandan crew ranked tenth, earlier than Wales, Trinidad Tobago, Tanzania and Jamaica.

Fidel Castro as soon as stated: “What has Cuba’s function been in the Olympic Games? What has it achieved? What has been the fruit of our efforts to promote healthy smooth sports activities? At the 1972 Olympics, we finished 14th among 122 countries. At the Montreal Olympics in 1976–Juantorena recalls this nicely, and so do we–we completed eighth among 88 taking part international locations. In 1980, in Moscow we completed 4th among 81 nations; in 1992, in Spain we completed 5th among 169 international locations; and in Atlanta, in 1996 we completed 8th among 197 international locations. Could absolutely everyone refuse those figures”. But beneath one of the world’s oldest surviving dictatorships, the game has grow to be a beneficial way for males and females to get admission to to freedom.

Certainly, Cuban sport is a story of each frustration and miracles. The Cuban government reacted with increduly while in 1980 Roberto Edwin Urrutia, a weightlifter, suddenly announced his decision to are trying to find asylum within the United States. At the age 14 Urrutia made weightlifting high pinnacle priority, and ten months later he installed countrywide facts. Urrutia entered the 1975 Pan American Championship at the age of 18 and gained gold medals for Cuba. In December, in Matanzas, he come to be the primary Latin American weightlifter to achieve a World document. In 1976 he subsequently found out his dream of competing within the Olympics. Like Alberto Juantorena (song and discipline), Teofilo Stevenson (boxing) and Mireya Luis Hernandez (volleyball), Roberto Urrutia Hernandez, former member of Youth Communist Union, was a image of the Cuban Revolution. Roberto, become born on December 12, 1956, in La Havana, gained 3 gold medals on the 1978 Weightlifting World Championships and ended world Soviet’s-yr domination of worldwide weightlifting. Certainly, he became voted Hero of the Year via Prensa Latina. Before the Moscow Olympic Games, Roberto Urrutia defected to the US through Mexico.

In the beyond few years, we’ve got seen some of occasions take location: Taimaris Aguero, a player, got here to are seeking for freedom in Italy; Odelin Molina, an excellent footballer from La Havana sought political asylum in the United States; and Dulce Tellez, a sportswoman, got here to San Juan de Puerto Rico.

Aguero, who at 1,77, turned into taken into consideration one of the pleasant woman athletes in the Americas, at the age of 16 she grow to be the youngest person ever to be a member of Cuban Team. During the 1993 World Junior Championships in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Aguero completed first within the opposition for high-quality setter. When Tanya Ortyz, setter from 1987 to 1995, introduced her purpose to retire on the cease of 1995, Aguero became taken into consideration a leading candidate for the post. Therefore, she become keywoman whilst Cuba finished first at the 1998 World Championship. In 2000 Aguero helped the Cuban group attain victory on the Olympic Games. If not the finest setter ever, she is sincerely the maximum celebrated in volleyball history. Nowadays Taimaris Aguero is one of the most remembered and dearest sportswomen by using Cubans. Behind baseball, volleyball is the maximum famous recreation in Cuba.

Dulce Tellez changed into named pleasant player inside the 2006 Pan American Championships in Puerto Rico. Under her leadership Cuba received the bronze medal in volleyball inside the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens. She left Cuba in July 2006–3 months before the World Championships in Tokyo. Before the 2006 World Championships, Cuba became ranked 3rd in the global. Now it’s miles ranked 7th. Meanwhile, Odelin Molina, become born on August, 1974, in La Havana, changed into considered one of Cuba’s best footballer and performed the 1991 World Championship Under-sixteen in Italy. In 1995 he defected to the USA, in which he lives now.

SPORTING DEFECTIONS

1. Abvin Sánchez, Lazaro-Soccer…1995…United States

2. Aguero, Taimaris-Volleyball…2001….Switzerland

3. Aldama, Yamilé-Track and Field…2003…United Kingdom

four. Arocha, Rene-Baseball…1991…United States

5. Arrojo, Rolando-Baseball…1996…United States

6. Barthelemy, Giorbis-Boxing…1990…United States

7. Blanco, Enrico-Boxing…1967…Canada

eight. Bordabehere, Roger-Cycling…1994…Venezuela

nine. Borrell, Lazaro-Basketball…1999…Puerto Rico

10. Brito Ferrer, Michel-Gymnastics….2003…United States

eleven. Brito, Javier-Volleyball…2004…Puerto Rico

12. Caballero, Angel Oscar-Basketball…1999…Puerto Rico

thirteen. Cala, Yosleider-Volleyball…2003…Puerto Rico

14. Campoalegre, Ramón-Water Polo…1998…United States

15. Casamayor, Joel-Boxing……..1993…..United States

16. Castillo, Ulises-Boxing……….1993…..United States

17. Contreras, José Ariel-Baseball…2002…Nicaragua

18. Chappe, Taimi-Fencing…2002…Spain

19. De la Pena, Janerky-Gymnastics…2003…United States

20. Delgado, Alberto-Soccer…2002…United States

21. Dennis, Angel-Volleyball…2001…Belgium

22. Díaz, Juan Carlos-Baseball…1996…Dominican Republic

23. Dominguez, Iván-Cycling…1998…United States

24. Duquesne, Alfredo-Basketball…1994…Canada.

25. Garbey, Ramón-Boxing…………1993…..United States

26. García, Ives-Swimming…2001…Puerto Rico

27. García, Osvaldo Junior-Water Polo…1995…United States

28. García Martínez, Aliet-Soccer…2000…..United States

29. Gato, Ramón-Volleyball…2001…Belgium

30. Gilbert, Andres-Basketball….1993…Puerto Rico

31. Gomez, Juan Carlos-Boxing……1995…Germany

32. González, José-Cycling…1994…Venezuela

33. Gregory, Elvis-Fencing…2002…Portugal

34. Griñan, Fernando-Soccer…….1996….United States

35. Guillen, Alain-Water Polo…1998…United States

36. Guillen, Arnaldo-Water Polo…1998…United States

37. Hernández, Adrian-Baseball…2000…Dominican Republic

38. Hernandez, Alain-Soccer…2000…Costa Rica

39. Hernandez, Ihosvany-Volleyball…2001…Belgium

forty. Hernandez, Jorge Luis-Volleyball…2001…Belgium

forty one. Hernandez, Livan-Baseball…1995…Mexico

42. Hernandez, Odalys-Softball….1993…Puerto Rico

forty three. Hernández,Orlando-Baseball…1997…By boat

forty four. Herrera, Roberto Carlos-Basketball….1999…Puerto Rico

forty five. Herrera, Ruperto-Basketball…1994…Canada

46. Hurtado, Diobelys-Boxing…1995…United States

47. Ibañez, Ciro-Weightlifting…1986….United States

forty eight. Juncosa, Abel-Shooting….1999….Canada

49. Lapera, Ulises-Field Hockey…1999…Canadá

50. León Tamayo, Charles-Gymnastics…2003…United States

fifty one. Marshall, Leonel-Volleyball…2001…Belgium

52. Martinez, Juan Carlos-Water Polo…1993…United States

53. Martinez, Rey-Soccer…2002…United States

fifty four. Matienzo, Richard-Basketball….1994…Canada

55. Miranda, Arturo-Diving…1995…Canada

56. Montalvo, Niurka-Track and Field…1997…Greece

fifty seven. Muñoz, Daimara-Swimming…1998…Puerto Rico

58. Nuñez, Jesús-Cycling…1998…Venezuela

fifty nine. Nunez, Vladimir-Baseball…1995…Venezuela

60. Ortega, William-Baseball…1996…México.

61. Perez, Angel-Kayak…1993…United States

62. Perez, José-Track and Field…1997…Puerto Rico

63. Piedra, Armando-Water Polo…1995…United States

64. Pino, Héctor-Basketball…1999…Puerto Rico

65. Ramírez, Rio-Diving…1993…Puerto Rico

66. Rodriguez, Heriberto-Cycling…1998…Venezuela

sixty seven. Rodriguez Osorio, Gunther-Swimming…2003…Puerto Rico

68. Romero Mayeta, Laseer-Volleyball…2001…Bélgica

sixty nine. Rosales, Nubis-Swimming…1998…Puerto Rico

70. Salas, Maikel-Volleyball…2004…Puerto Rico

seventy one. Sánchez, Alex-Baseball…1994…By boat

seventy two. Sánchez, Alexis-Track and Field…1998….Puerto Rico

seventy three. Toca, Jorge Luis-Baseball…1998…By boat

seventy four. Trevejo, Iván-Fencing…2002…Portugal

seventy five. Urrutia, Roberto-Weightlifting….1980….Mexico

seventy six. Valdés, Tatiana-Kayak…1994…United States

seventy seven. Vázquez, Juan-Basketball….1999….Canada

seventy eight. Wilson, Jesús-Wrestling…1994…United States

79. Zayas, Daniel-Weightlifting…1987…United States

REFERENCES
-Alfonso Jorge. “Cuba en los Juegos”, Bohemia, La Habana, 26 de julio de 1991
-Baxter Kevin. “Contreras to learn cash modifications the entirety”, Miami Herald, Miami, five January 2003
-El equipo cubano de voleibol sufre su novena fuga de jugadores en el extranjero, en -Enciclopedia de los Comités Olímpicos Nacionales Tomo-3. Comité Olímpico Internacional,Lausana, junio de 1980
-EE.UU : tercer atleta de Cuba deserta en campeonato de gimnasia, 25 de agosto de 2003, en-Fernández Mario. “El pariente pobre”, Suplemento Deportivo Deportetotal Diario El Comercio, Lima, 31 de mayo de 2004
-Fernández Urbano. “Deporte : Las pesas hacia Moscú”, Cuba Internacional, La Habana, mayo de 1980
-Lidz, Franz. “After the fall”, Sports Illustrated, New York, 15-22 july 2002
-García Anne-Marie. “La frustración de Yamilé Aldama”, Granma Internacional, La Habana, 20 de febrero de 2000
………………… “Iván Trevejo recuerda a los Mártires de Barbados”, Granma Internacional, La Habana, 3 de diciembre de 2000
Montesinos, Enrique. “La batalla por reparar los angeles infamia contra los atletas cubanos no ha terminado”, Granma, La Habana, 24 de octubre de 1999
-The Competition Results Volume III : The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, The Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games, Atlanta , 19997
-The Official Results of the 1984 Olympic Games Olympic Record, Olympic Committee, Pasadena, 1984
-Valle Manuel. “Taimi Chappé Valladares : espada de victorias”, en El Deporte Derecho del Pueblo, La Habana, eleven de diciembre de 1991

My name is Alejandro Guevara Onofre, pleasant referred to as “Alex”. I have studies in political technology, journalism and global relations. I am a writer and professor.I spend loads of time writing and researching about Third World, olympics sports, biographies and Peruvian gastronomy.I even have essays about way of life, Latin America,sports, and nations. I´ve been posted books approximately World troubles, history of the girls and nations of the arena.One of the maximum memorable moments in my life became in truth once I posted my first book: an encyclopedia known as Mundototal (is very similar to the World Almanac). After, I published a book approximately History of Women inside the United States (Spanish).At the instant, I am operating a e book approximately Third World. In the future, I would love to put up books about Olympic Games, Democracy, Ecology and Nations of the World.

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